Das Passiv – The Passive Voice

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Das Passiv – The Passive Voice

Das Passiv wird genutzt, wenn das Augenmerk auf dem Objekt liegt oder wenn nicht bekannt ist, von wem die Handlung ausgeht. Notwendigerweise muss ein Objekt in dem aktiven Satz vorhanden sein.

Beispiel:

Every hand is needed to help the poor.

Wie wird das Passiv gebildet?

Das Passiv wird durch “to be” und “past participle” gebildet. Das Objekt des Aktivsatzes wird zum Subjekt im Passivsatz. Das Subjekt des Aktivsatzes wird zum Objekt im Passivsatz – oder wird komplett ausgelassen.

Beispiele:

Zeitform

Aktiv

Passiv

Simple Present

Harry writes a book.

A book is written by Harry.

Simple Past

Harry wrote a book.

A book was written by Harry.

Present Perfect

Harry has written a book.

A book has been written by Harry.

Modals (can)

Harry can write a book.

A book can be written by Harry.

Übungen: Das Passiv

Wandeln Sie folgende Sätze aus dem Aktiv ins Passiv um! Die Lösungen finden sie untenstehend.

1) Mike has not bought the book.
2) Paul Auster published “Moon Palace” in 1989.
3) He thanked his sister.
4) Jeremy has built a house.
5) A spy can follow the suspect.
6) The teacher approached the pupils.
7) The nurse sent for a doctor.
8) Lisa had lost the game.
9) The principal held a speech.
10) Steven composes a new song.

Lösungen:

1) The book has not been bought.
2) “Moon Palace” was published in 1989 by Paul Auster.
3) His sister was thanked by him.
4) A house has been built by Jeremy.
5) The suspect can be followed by a spy.
6) The pupils were approached by the teacher.
7) A doctor was sent for.
8) The game had been lost by Lisa.
9) A speech was held by the principal.
10) A new song is composed by Steven.